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(SME-OS1-00) Report of the APO Multi-Country Study Mission on Rural-Based Food Processing Industry, Japan, 6–13 March 2001

Edited by Dr. Alastair Hicks, Bangkok, Thailand

©APO 2004, ISBN: 92-833-7026-0


bookThe rural food processing industry can play a vital role in rural poverty alleviation and sustainable development in many Asia-Pacific countries. It can enhance farm incomes by offering a ready market for farm products, generate off-farm employment, and reduce rural–urban migration. Rural-based food processing industries are mostly small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and face such constraints as poor infrastructure, shortage of entrepreneurial talent and skilled manpower, limited access to appropriate technologies, volatile demand, and small profit margins.

In some member countries, successful attempts have been made to develop rural-based food processing SMEs. For example, some advanced member countries have developed well-integrated rural food processing industries employing state-of-the-art technologies and a participatory integrated rural development approach. Others have developed efficient production–processing–marketing chains through farmers’ associations. In this regard, the experience of Japan could be extremely useful for other APO member countries in the development of efficient and viable food processing SMEs.

The APO organized the multi-country study mission on the “Rural-based Food Processing Industry” in Japan to learn about the latest developments in the small- and medium-scale rural-based food processing industry and to examine the possibilities of applying its experience in other member countries. This publication is a compilation of the papers and proceedings of the study mission. It is our hope that this publication will prove useful to our readers, especially policymakers, planners, and managers involved in the development of the food processing industry in the Asia-Pacific region.

The APO is grateful to the Government of Japan, especially the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, for hosting the study mission, and to the Association for International Cooperation of Agriculture and Forestry for implementing the program. Our appreciation also goes to the resource persons for their valuable contributions and to Dr. Alastair Hicks for editing this publication.

– TAKASHI TAJIMA, APO Secretary-General, Tokyo, April 2004

Download the entire e-book (1.42Mb)  
Part I. Summary of Findings 4
Part II. Resource Papers
1. Characteristics and Problems of Agribusiness for Rural Development in Japan (Sueo Futatsugi) 21
2. Status of Rural-Based Small and Medium Food Processing Industry in Japan (Isamu Sakurai) 27
3. Issues and Strategies in Development of Rural-Based Small and Medium Food Industry in Asia and the Pacific (Alastair Hicks) 30
Part III. Country Papers
1. Bangladesh (Mushfiqur Rahman Bhuiyan) 41
2. Republic of China (Ming Chang Wu) 46
3. India (Amiya Kumar Behera) 53
4. Indonesia (Siti Baroroh and Teungku A. R. Hanafiah) 60
5. Islamic Republic of Iran (Mohammad A. Kamali Sarvestani) 67
6. Republic of Korea (Kyei-Im Lee) 72
7. Malaysia (Mohamed Kaberi bin Ghani) 79
8. Mongolia (Sanjaadorj Munkhnasan) 84
9. Nepal (1) (Padam Prasad Poudel) 88
10. Nepal (2) (Shailesh C. Singh) 92
11. Pakistan (1) (Abdul Hafeez Chaudhry) 103
12. Pakistan (2) (Sohail Younas Moghal) 108
13. Philippines (Divina G. Sonido) 118
14. Sri Lanka (Chopadithya Edirisinghe) 126
15. Thailand (Krailert Taweekul and Sukoncheun Sringam) 132
16. Vietnam (Pham Van Chuong) 141
Part III. Appendices
  List of Participants, Resource Speakers, and Secretariat & Program of Activities 153
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