Nature farming is derived from Mokichi Okada’s philosophy of abandoning the use of all chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Nature farming uses only organic matter to enhance the vitality of the soil and enrich its inherent power. Since nature farming does not rely on commercial fertilizers, it was initially called fertilizer-free cultivation. However, the name was later changed to nature farming to make clear that this approach is based on a comprehensive theory of agriculture and an underlying philosophy that views the life-sustaining powers of the soil as integral to the workings of the universe. Both nature farming and organic farming do without using chemical fertilizers and pesticides. However, organic farming allows use of all sorts of organic inputs, while nature farming emphasizes the use of processed organic matter alone to enhance soil vitality.
See also: Natural farming; Organic farming