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p-Glossary

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A checklist is a set of questions or verification points (checkpoints) that an organization needs to monitor or address on a periodic basis. The categories on a checklist can include such issues as maintenance, compliance either with legislation or with internal codes of practice, equipment checks (pressure, temperature, etc.), availability of equipment, etc.

Checklists are useful aids to jog memory. They also can reduce variations between evaluations conducted by different members of the productivity/project team. This prevents the team from forgetting issues that need to be verified.

The Codex Alimentarius (CA) means food code. It deals with food quality and safety in the context of international trade. The CA is a collection of international food standards mainly to protect the health of consumers. It is meant to contribute to fair practices in international food trade through widespread adherence to harmonized and science-based food standards, as well as other legitimate factors. The Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) is the body responsible for developing the CA. It was established in 1961 by the FAO and WHO. The CAC is an intergovernmental body served by a joint FAO/WHO Secretariat.

Contracting farming is an agreement between farmers and processing and/or marketing firms for the production and supply of agricultural products under forward agreements, frequently at predetermined prices.

A corporate environmental policy (CEP) is a commitment of a business to environmental excellence as a part of the corporate mission and vision. A CEP accepts the guiding principles of a precautionary approach, polluter pays, and accountability. It enables the adoption of practical measures, ensures transparency, and must include the environment in corporate training schemes. A CEP is a requirement of most voluntary initiatives, codes of conduct, and international voluntary standards, such as Responsible Care and ISO 14000.
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See also: Corporate Environmental Responsibility; Corporate Environmental Reporting

Closely linked to a corporate environmental policy is corporate environmental reporting (CER). CER is voluntary disclosure of environmental performance by companies. It serves as a vehicle for greater accountability to stakeholders and as a catalyst for internal change by acting as a benchmarking tool. It also serves as a catalyst for the evolution of internal management systems, improvement of performance, and the emergence of new forms of accountability.
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See also: Corporate Environmental Responsibility; Corporate Environmental Policy

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