The APO » History

History

1959–69
The 1st Asian Round Table Productivity Conference is held in Tokyo, Japan.

An interim committee is assigned to draft a convention for the formation of an Asian productivity body.
1959
In 1960, the 2nd Asian Round Table Productivity Conference is held in Manila, the Philippines.

The draft convention is adopted as the charter of the Asian Productivity Organization.
1960
The APO is formally established with eight founding members: the Republic of China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, and Thailand.
1961
The inaugural session of the APO Governing Body is held in Tokyo and the first Secretary-General is appointed.

Technical Expert Services (TES) are started and the monthly newsletter Asian Productivity is launched.
1961
The first Symposium on Top Management is held. Symposia and seminars are introduced.

A study mission is sent outside Asia to the USA, UK, and Denmark.

Hong Kong joins the APO.
1963
A reciprocal relationship agreement is signed with the International Labour Organization.
1964
The Ford Foundation provides a grant for a Small Business Management Trainers' and Consultants' course.
1964
The Republic of Vietnam and Iran join the APO.

The quarterly Productivity Digest starts publication.
1965
Ceylon (later Sri Lanka) joins the APO.

The Agriculture Program starts.
1966
The Government of Japan grants the APO official status as an international organization.

A meeting is held in Hong Kong on the APO's 1st Five-Year Plan.
1967
Indonesia joins the APO.

Singapore joins the APO.
1968
The 1st Five-Year Plan comes into effect. A regional Information Unit is established in Manila.
1969
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1970–79
The 1st Asian Productivity Congress is held in Tokyo, and the Declaration on Productivity for the Asian Region is adopted.

The APO's 10th anniversary is celebrated by declaring 1970 Asian Productivity Year.
1970
The ADB and USAID offer financial grants to the APO.

The 1st Expert Meeting on Productivity Measurement is organized to examine the relationship between total factor productivity and economic development.
1972
The Research and Planning Program starts operations.
1974
The 17th GBM adopts the institutional capacity building of NPOs and focus on enterprise-level productivity as policies.
1975
S.D. Ashanta of Nepal wins the APO's flag design contest.
1976
The importance of technology for economic development is recognized. Non-ESCAP members' participation in APO projects is welcomed under a special fund from the Government of Japan.
1976
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1980–89
2nd Asian Productivity Congress is held in Hong Kong to mark the APO’s 20th anniversary.

For the first time, APO Award was conferred to nine individuals.
1980
Bangladesh joins the APO.
1982
Malaysia joins the APO.
1983
Fiji joins the APO.
1984
The APO Awards are renamed the APO Regional Awards, and the APO National Awards are introduced.

The first Top Management Forum was implemented in Japan.
1985
The APO’s 25th anniversary is marked with an International Productivity Congress in Kuala Lumpur.
1986
1st Strategic Planning Committee meeting is hosted by the Secretariat.
1988
Basic Research V on Human Resources Development in the 1990s is started.

Five individuals receive the APO National Award and two the Regional Award.
1989
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1990–99
APO projects are reclassified.

The State of Western Australia, given observer status in 1989, hosts the Symposium on Tripartism in Perth for APO members.
1990
The APO’s 30th anniversary is marked with an International Productivity Congress in Bangkok, where the Bangkok Declaration on Productivity for a Better Quality of Work Life is adopted.
1991
Mongolia joins the APO.
1992
Cleaner production becomes a focus. The Productivity Journal begins publication.
1993
The Special Program for the Environment is launched, and the concept of Green Productivity developed.
1994
The South-South Cooperation for Supporting Industry Assistance Program is launched.
1995
Vietnam joins the APO.

The Integrated Community Development approach is initiated.

The World Conference on Green Productivity is held in Manila.
1996
The APO signs a Memorandum of Understanding with the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) Industry and Environment Programme Activity Center.
1997
Links are established with the Asian Pacific Round Table on Cleaner Production, UNEP, US-Asia Environment Partnership, and Carl Duisberg Gesellschaft.
1998
Two new thrust areas are designated: Development of SMEs and Integrated Community Development. IT activities are enhanced.
1999
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2000–09
The first external evaluation of APO projects is conducted by independent experts.

A bimonthly Japanese edition of the APO News is published.

The Secretariat moves from Aoyama to Hirakawa-cho.
2000
The APO’s 40th anniversary is marked with the First International Conference on Productivity in the e-Age in New Delhi, along with the International Forum for SMEs.
2001
2nd World Conference on Green Productivity is held in Manila.

Lao PDR joins the APO.
2002
First APO web-based videoconferencing project on TQM is organized.
1991
Cambodia joins the APO.

Kuala Lumpur hosts the 1st Eco-products International Fair organized by the APO and others.

The One Village, One Product movement becomes part of the Agriculture Program.
2004
Bangkok hosts the 2nd EPIF.

The APO Regional Award is conferred on four individuals and the APO National Award on ten.
2005
After a productivity conference in Sandton, South Africa, cooperation with the Pan African Productivity Association takes off.

Singapore hosts the 3rd EPIF.
2006
An International Productivity Conference in Bangkok focuses on knowledge management.
2007
The EPIF in Hanoi attracts nearly 100,000 visitors.

An Observational Study Mission to Switzerland on Quality and Innovation is implemented with JETRO support.

The first self-e-learning course on the Balanced Scorecard launched.
2008
Manila hosts the 5th EPIF.

Singapore is appointed as the COE on BE, the first APO COE.

The APO participates in the Conference on the Global Economic Crisis in Tainan, Republic of China.
2009
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2010 onward
A study mission to Germany on GLOBALGAP is organized by the APO.

Jakarta hosts the 6th EPIF.

New S-G Ryuichiro Yamazaki is appointed, replacing outgoing S-G Shigeo Takenaka.
2000
The APO Regional Award is conferred on five individuals, including 12th President of the Republic of the Philippines Fidel V. Ramos, and the APO National Award on seven.

New Delhi hosts the 7th EPIF.

To mark its golden jubilee, the APO adopts new mission, vision, and thrust areas for 2020.
2011
First APO web-based videoconferencing project on TQM is organized.
2012
The Japanese government provides a special cash grant for the Special Program for Restoration and Revitalization of Rural Agriculture and the Food Industry in the Tohoku region, Japan.

The Taipei Declaration on Productivity and Sustainable, Inclusive Development in the Asia-Pacific is adopted during the international conference of the same name.

The Secretariat office moves from Hirakawacho to Hongo.
2012
Singapore hosts the 8th EPIF.

The ROC is appointed as the COE on GP.

The 1st Asian Food and Agribusiness Conference is held in the ROC.

The 28th Top Management Forum is held in the ROK, the first time it convenes outside Japan.
2013
Mari Amano is appointed the new Secretary-General, replacing outgoing Ryuichiro Yamazaki.
2013
The ROC hosts the 9th EPIF.
2014
The VPC becomes the Vietnam National Productivity Institute (VPNI) in April.

The APO signs an MOU with Cornell University, NY, USA, on cooperation in agribusiness and other areas.

The Forum on Mitigating Negative Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture is held in Indonesia. in October.
2014
The APO Regional Award is conferred on one and the APO National Award on four individuals.

APO-Certified Productivity Practitioner Scheme is launched.

The Philippines is appointed as the COE on Public Sector Productivity.

The Secretariat sets up its own videoconferencing facilities.
2015
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