Article
Resources »  »  » Introduction to integrating lean management systems with Industry 4.0 concepts

Introduction to integrating lean management systems with Industry 4.0 concepts

Combining lean with Industry 4.0 can lead to new manufacturing horizons.
Alex Yap

27 June 2019

Background
Over the years, lean manufacturing systems have become widely used by many companies as a fundamental methodology to increase productivity and reduce nonvalue-added waste. However, nowadays, when the principles of lean production are rooted in the spirit of many companies, some classic lean tools are beginning to lose advantage as room for improvement becomes smaller and improving is more difficult. However, in today’s global business environment, continuous improvement in productivity and quality remains the key factor to maintain profitability and competitiveness.

The introduction of Industry 4.0 with its principles of interconnection, information transparency, technical assistance, and decentralized decisions with cyberphysical systems, the Internet, and future-oriented technologies could further enhance human–machine interactions that may lead to new dimensions of improvement. Nevertheless, executing Industry 4.0 could be cost intensive for most SMEs and there are also concerns over whether technology could be replacing human work itself.

Companies practicing lean could face the dilemma of whether Industry 4.0 is replacing lean systems or can be integrated with lean concepts. Lean approaches such as finding and eliminating muda (waste) in the form of idle or failed machines or nonvalue-added activities could be improved by integrating Industry 4.0 principles. Applications of advanced data acquisition, sensors, and the Internet of things (IoT) and Internet of People make advanced analytics and real-time data access possible, which offers obvious advantages in finding and eliminating waste. Therefore integrating lean management systems with Industry 4.0 concepts could be referred to as “digitalized lean” to take operational excellence to entirely new horizons.

Based on research by Shah and Ward, lean manufacturing is divided into the following 10 key factors:

1. Supplier feedback
2. Just-in-time (JIT) delivery by suppliers
3. Supplier development
4. Customer involvement
5. Pull production
6. Continuous flow
7. Setup time reduction
8. Total productive/preventive maintenance
9. Statistical process control
10. Employee involvement

The 10 key factors could be further subdivided into four groups consisting of supplier, process, customer, and control and human factors for further evaluation of the possibilities of the implementation of lean through Industry 4.0.

Supplier factors

The robustness of information exchanges among customers, manufacturers or process owners, and suppliers determines the extent of pull production and JIT effectiveness. Industry 4.0 enhances those exchanges with radio frequency identification (RFID) signals that wirelessly link to cloud computing and customer feedback through apps or social media that boost information sharing. With a combination of RFID tagging, global positioning system (GPS) tracking, and synchronization of data, on-time delivery performance can be enhanced and customer complaints or product defects addressed instantly (Figure 1).

Figure 1. Combining RFID, GPS, and cloud-based feedback to improve supplier factors in integrated lean systems.

The use of technology networks and resource-sharing platforms enables better knowledge sharing from customers to suppliers, which could overcome the problems of bureaucracy and inadequate communications among the parties involved. At the same time, sharing and synchronizing data among suppliers could enhance the effectiveness of supplier development with benchmarking against the best practices.

Customer factors
Getting customers involved from the product development stage has proven critical for businesses to survive. Customer involvement can be enabled with the use of online platforms such as the Lego ideas page, which allows companies to develop popular products based on customer feedback (Figure 2).

Figure 2. Sample Lego Idea Page and a product developed through customer feedback.

With the availability of real-time data access, customers can track and trace the progress of production processes and be updated on delivery times. The user experience could be fed back in a loop of information starting from the design development to final product use. This would provide a complete picture for continuous improvement over the entire product life cycle. The involvement and participation of customers throughout that cycle could also contribute to their greater satisfaction and loyalty.

Process factors
Pull production can be enhanced with RFID tagging that enables the status monitoring of workpieces (finished goods or work-in-progress products) and real-time tracking of quantities and locations as well as communication with machines. With the use of such ICT, e-kanban systems can identify and trace any missing or vacant slots for replacement orders while sharing inventory data wirelessly in real time. Changes in schedules can also be continuously monitored and kanban parameters updated instantly. As a result, the pull system of production would be enhanced with automatic material replenishment monitoring, schedule tracking, and kanban updating with through Industry 4.0 facilities.

The establishment of machine–workpiece communication and self-optimization of equipment will improve the ability to achieve high-level customization and small-batch production as each piece can be identified with a unique RFID tag that communicates directly with machines. That will result in reduced machinery setup or changeover times.

Control and human factors
Industry 4.0 enables total productive maintenance operations with automatic notifications from machines when errors or breakdowns are detected. At the same time, error messages also trigger the e-kanban to reschedule production plans and notify interested parties. Maintenance personnel can prepare for repairs based on error coding resulting from previous data analysis and proposed countermeasures from primary cloud computing analysis (Figure 3).

Figure 3. Control and human factors in an integrated lean/Industry 4.0 system.

While RFID enables automatic sensing of processes for variations linked to machine stoppage data to prevent further rejections, the industrial IoT assists in integrating data from different machines for big data analytics for the acquisition of advanced business intelligence to ensure defect-free production (Figure 4).

Figure 4. Linking RFID technologies and the industrial IoT gathers intelligence for defect-free production systems.

Employee involvement
With the application of Industry 4.0, production workers are able to provide immediate feedback and comments in real time via smart phones or tablets. The data can be sent for company-wide collection linked to the use of big data. The evaluation of workers in term of speed, accuracy, performance, and motivation can also be simplified and visualized through specialized interfaces to enhance worker support systems.

How SMEs can integrate lean and Industry 4.0
Through integrating robust Industry 4.0 ICT applications, organizations implementing lean systems will reap the combined benefits of real-time information and waste elimination to enhance the performance of the key supplier, customer, process, and control and human factors. This gives organizations, including SMEs, the potential to expand into new horizons with ease. The integration of Industry 4.0 with current lean management systems is not limited to the IT, quality assurance, and production departments but can benefit the entire organization including the supply chain, customers, and other parties involved.

As cheaper, faster, more flexible robots, sensors, technical solutions, advanced analysis algorithms, and connectivity options become commonly available, the integration of lean and Industry 4.0 could occur sooner than most SMEs expect. Nevertheless, it will involve intensive investment and potentially result in comprehensive changes in organizations. Most research on Industry 4.0 remains in the theoretical stage or on an initial trial basis, and possible solutions have yet to reach the stage of practical, marketable maturity. Organizations preparing to introduce Industry 4.0 could start with small-scale research and continuous improvement in a controllable, affordable manner. Top management should take ownership and participate directly in efforts to transform to Industry 4.0 integrated with lean systems to ensure success.

Alex Yap is the expert for the APO e-learning course on Integrating Lean Manufacturing Systems and Industry 4.0 Concepts. Course description is available here.


Alex Yap has more than 15 years of manufacturing experience as a quality assurance manager. He is a registered consultant with the Malaysia Productivity Corporation, a business excellence assessor, and productivity specialist in the areas of process improvement and performance excellence. Alex also served as a technical expert for various APO Green Productivity, lean, and material flow cost accounting courses.

275 Comments

  1. Although internet sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not connected to ours, we feel they are really worth a go by way of, so have a look.

  2. Howdy, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam remarks? If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or anything you can advise? I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any help is very much appreciated.|

  3. Please visit the web pages we adhere to, such as this 1, as it represents our picks from the web.

  4. This site was… how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something which helped me. Thanks!|

  5. although internet sites we backlink to below are considerably not related to ours, we feel they may be in fact worth a go by means of, so possess a look

  6. very few web sites that transpire to become detailed beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly well really worth checking out

  7. The time to read or take a look at the subject material or web pages we’ve linked to below.

  8. here are some hyperlinks to sites that we link to due to the fact we feel they are worth visiting

  9. Link exchange is nothing else except it is simply placing the other person’s web site link on your page at appropriate place and other person will also do similar for you.|

  10. here are some hyperlinks to web sites that we link to simply because we feel they may be worth visiting

  11. check beneath, are some completely unrelated websites to ours, having said that, they are most trustworthy sources that we use

  12. Get Auckland’s best assignment help with the expert writers from StudentsAssignmentHelp.com. It offers top-level assignment help Auckland service to the students at the very best price.

  13. One of our guests recently advised the following website.

  14. Every the moment inside a even though we choose blogs that we study. Listed beneath are the most current websites that we pick out

  15. Whats up very cool blog!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Amazing .. I will bookmark your web site and take the feeds also? I’m glad to seek out so many helpful information right here in the post, we want work out more strategies in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .|

  16. check below, are some completely unrelated internet websites to ours, even so, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use

  17. Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a number of unrelated information, nevertheless actually really worth taking a search, whoa did one particular study about Mid East has got additional problerms at the same time

  18. Here are a few of the sites we recommend for our visitors.

  19. Every once inside a even though we decide on blogs that we read. Listed beneath are the newest websites that we opt for.

  20. Always a huge fan of linking to bloggers that I love but do not get a lot of link really like from.

  21. Every once inside a while we pick out blogs that we read. Listed below would be the most recent web sites that we choose

  22. Check beneath, are some completely unrelated websites to ours, on the other hand, they are most trustworthy sources that we use.

  23. The data mentioned within the post are several of the best out there.

  24. Hello, all is going sound here and ofcourse every one is sharing data, that’s truly excellent, keep up writing.|

  25. Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a number of unrelated data, nevertheless seriously worth taking a appear, whoa did one particular understand about Mid East has got far more problerms too.

  26. Here is an excellent Blog You may Locate Fascinating that we encourage you to visit.

  27. Every as soon as in a though we choose blogs that we read. Listed below are the latest web pages that we decide on

  28. Simply desire to say your article is as astounding. The clarity on your submit is just nice and i could assume you are an expert on this subject. Fine along with your permission allow me to grab your feed to stay updated with drawing close post. Thank you 1,000,000 and please carry on the gratifying work.|

  29. If some one needs expert view concerning blogging then i propose him/her to visit this blog, Keep up the nice work.|

  30. Whoa! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It’s on a entirely different topic but it has pretty much the same layout and design. Excellent choice of colors!|

  31. Check beneath, are some absolutely unrelated web sites to ours, nonetheless, they are most trustworthy sources that we use.

  32. Just beneath, are a lot of completely not connected websites to ours, even so, they’re surely worth going over.

  33. Here are some of the web sites we suggest for our visitors.

  34. that could be the finish of this article. Right here you will find some internet sites that we think you will enjoy, just click the links over

  35. always a big fan of linking to bloggers that I like but do not get a whole lot of link like from

  36. please check out the internet sites we stick to, including this a single, because it represents our picks through the web

  37. Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and aid others like you helped me.|

  38. below youll uncover the link to some web pages that we believe you should visit

  39. Hi! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this website? I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had issues with hackers and I’m looking at alternatives for another platform. I would be fantastic if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.|

  40. A palavra elojob lol e eloboost lol é colocado para se referir no momento que indivíduo paga a fim de outra pessoa treinar no decorrer da sua conta online e assim chegar a sua classificação em um game. Este modo de atividade costuma ser efetuado pelos supremos gamers, que barganham um pouco de seu tempo e de suas competências online por dinheiro na vida real.

  41. the time to study or visit the subject material or web pages we’ve linked to below the

  42. The details talked about within the post are a few of the ideal available.

  43. Hi, I do think this is a great site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I will come back once again since i have saved as a favorite it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.|

  44. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is an extremely well written article. I will be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely return.|

  45. I visit day-to-day a few blogs and sites to read articles, however this weblog provides feature based articles.|

  46. O mundo virtual tem se apresentado como uma novidade e surpreendente meio de adquiri dinheiro R$ real. A Elojob High é uma dessas firmas que lançou em 2012 e atualmente fatura um milhão de reais jogando partidas de games conhecidos como League of Legends para seus clientes.

  47. A realidade é muito comum entre os esportistas e lucrativa para quem vende os seus tarefas. Contudo, o elo job é contra as normas, visto que um cheat, e consegue mover ao ban dos gamers (muito dos que obtêm, quanto dos que levam) caso descoberto. No entanto isto raramente acontece e o comércio de sociedades que fornecem este emprego se torna cada vez mais .

  48. That will be the end of this report. Here youll find some websites that we assume youll appreciate, just click the links.

  49. The time to study or take a look at the content or web pages we’ve linked to below.

  50. that would be the finish of this report. Right here you will find some sites that we assume you will appreciate, just click the links over

  51. Why people still make use of to read news papers when in this technological world everything is accessible on net?|

  52. Your style is unique in comparison to other folks I have read stuff from. Many thanks for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I will just bookmark this page.|

  53. although internet websites we backlink to below are considerably not connected to ours, we feel they are in fact worth a go by, so have a look

  54. here are some hyperlinks to web sites that we link to because we think they may be worth visiting

  55. One of our guests recently encouraged the following website.

  56. very few internet sites that happen to be comprehensive beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly nicely really worth checking out

  57. Hello it’s me, I am also visiting this web page daily, this web site is in fact pleasant and the users are really sharing pleasant thoughts.|

  58. very few web sites that transpire to become in depth beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly effectively really worth checking out

  59. although internet sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not connected to ours, we really feel they may be essentially worth a go through, so have a look

  60. No matter if some one searches for his necessary thing, thus he/she desires to be available that in detail, therefore that thing is maintained over here.|

  61. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after checking through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely delighted I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back frequently!|

  62. just beneath, are quite a few entirely not related web pages to ours, nevertheless, they may be surely worth going over

  63. usually posts some incredibly fascinating stuff like this. If youre new to this site

  64. Every the moment inside a though we select blogs that we study. Listed below would be the most recent web pages that we decide on.

  65. check below, are some entirely unrelated internet sites to ours, nonetheless, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use

  66. very handful of web sites that come about to become comprehensive beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly very well worth checking out

  67. Hi! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this write-up to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!|

  68. we came across a cool web-site that you may enjoy. Take a appear in case you want

  69. That may be the end of this article. Right here youll find some websites that we believe you will appreciate, just click the links.

  70. although internet sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not related to ours, we feel they’re basically really worth a go via, so have a look

  71. please stop by the sites we follow, such as this one particular, as it represents our picks through the web

  72. very couple of web-sites that transpire to be in depth below, from our point of view are undoubtedly effectively worth checking out

  73. that would be the finish of this article. Here you will discover some web sites that we believe youll value, just click the links over

  74. Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a couple of unrelated information, nonetheless really worth taking a look, whoa did 1 study about Mid East has got a lot more problerms at the same time

  75. check beneath, are some completely unrelated internet sites to ours, however, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use

  76. check below, are some completely unrelated websites to ours, on the other hand, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use

  77. We came across a cool web page that you just could possibly take pleasure in. Take a search in the event you want.

  78. Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a couple of unrelated data, nevertheless really really worth taking a look, whoa did one particular learn about Mid East has got extra problerms also.

  79. Hi there, just become alert to your weblog via Google, and found that it is truly informative. I’m going to watch out for brussels. I will appreciate in the event you proceed this in future. Many people shall be benefited out of your writing. Cheers!|

  80. Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a number of unrelated data, nevertheless genuinely really worth taking a search, whoa did 1 understand about Mid East has got much more problerms too.

  81. check beneath, are some totally unrelated web sites to ours, nevertheless, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use

  82. I got this website from my buddy who shared with me about this web site and now this time I am visiting this site and reading very informative content here.|

  83. Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine several unrelated data, nevertheless seriously worth taking a look, whoa did one master about Mid East has got much more problerms as well

  84. we came across a cool site that you just could take pleasure in. Take a look in the event you want

  85. check below, are some totally unrelated internet websites to ours, however, they are most trustworthy sources that we use

  86. Please take a look at the web-sites we adhere to, including this a single, as it represents our picks in the web.

  87. We like to honor quite a few other world-wide-web internet sites around the net, even if they arent linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages worth checking out.

  88. we like to honor numerous other world-wide-web web sites around the internet, even though they arent linked to us, by linking to them. Underneath are some webpages really worth checking out

  89. We prefer to honor numerous other world wide web internet sites on the web, even though they arent linked to us, by linking to them. Below are some webpages worth checking out.

  90. Check beneath, are some completely unrelated web-sites to ours, nevertheless, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use.

  91. The time to read or go to the material or web-sites we have linked to beneath.

  92. 367285803 todos que brincam de league of legends, recomendo sobre um site de elojob lol conhecido como elojobhigh.com.br 990197979

  93. that is the end of this post. Right here youll come across some web pages that we believe you will enjoy, just click the links over

  94. we came across a cool web site that you could delight in. Take a search should you want

  95. here are some links to sites that we link to since we think they’re really worth visiting

  96. We came across a cool website which you may take pleasure in. Take a look in the event you want.

  97. We came across a cool web page that you just may love. Take a search when you want.

  98. check beneath, are some completely unrelated websites to ours, nonetheless, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use

  99. check beneath, are some completely unrelated internet websites to ours, on the other hand, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use

  100. Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine some unrelated information, nevertheless actually really worth taking a search, whoa did 1 discover about Mid East has got much more problerms also

  101. We came across a cool site that you just might take pleasure in. Take a search should you want.

  102. That may be the finish of this article. Here you will find some web pages that we think youll appreciate, just click the hyperlinks.

  103. although websites we backlink to beneath are considerably not connected to ours, we feel they may be actually worth a go through, so possess a look

  104. although sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not related to ours, we feel they may be really really worth a go by means of, so possess a look

  105. we prefer to honor a lot of other internet sites on the net, even when they arent linked to us, by linking to them. Underneath are some webpages worth checking out

  106. very handful of sites that transpire to be comprehensive beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly very well worth checking out

  107. check beneath, are some entirely unrelated internet sites to ours, nonetheless, they are most trustworthy sources that we use

  108. That will be the end of this report. Right here you will locate some web pages that we consider youll value, just click the hyperlinks.

  109. below you will discover the link to some websites that we believe you’ll want to visit

  110. Every after in a when we select blogs that we read. Listed beneath are the most current web pages that we decide on

  111. just beneath, are numerous absolutely not connected web pages to ours, however, they are surely really worth going over

  112. very handful of internet websites that occur to be in depth below, from our point of view are undoubtedly effectively really worth checking out

  113. always a major fan of linking to bloggers that I really like but really don’t get quite a bit of link enjoy from

  114. Here are a few of the web sites we recommend for our visitors.

  115. very couple of websites that come about to become in depth below, from our point of view are undoubtedly effectively really worth checking out

  116. Every after in a whilst we pick out blogs that we study. Listed below are the most recent web sites that we opt for.

  117. we prefer to honor several other internet web sites around the web, even if they arent linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages worth checking out

  118. just beneath, are various completely not connected web sites to ours, nevertheless, they’re certainly really worth going over

  119. below youll uncover the link to some websites that we believe it is best to visit

  120. we came across a cool internet site that you simply could love. Take a search in the event you want

  121. check beneath, are some absolutely unrelated web sites to ours, however, they are most trustworthy sources that we use

  122. although internet websites we backlink to beneath are considerably not associated to ours, we really feel they may be essentially really worth a go as a result of, so possess a look

  123. just beneath, are numerous completely not associated web-sites to ours, even so, they’re surely really worth going over

  124. although web sites we backlink to below are considerably not associated to ours, we feel they are truly worth a go via, so possess a look

  125. Every once in a even though we pick blogs that we study. Listed below are the most up-to-date sites that we decide on

  126. check below, are some entirely unrelated internet websites to ours, on the other hand, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use

  127. That will be the end of this post. Right here youll find some web-sites that we believe youll enjoy, just click the hyperlinks.

  128. we like to honor several other online sites around the net, even if they arent linked to us, by linking to them. Underneath are some webpages really worth checking out

  129. The info mentioned within the write-up are a number of the ideal out there

  130. below you will locate the link to some websites that we feel you must visit

  131. here are some links to internet sites that we link to since we assume they are worth visiting

  132. please go to the sites we comply with, which includes this 1, as it represents our picks from the web

  133. below you will find the link to some web sites that we assume you should visit

  134. Just beneath, are many absolutely not associated web-sites to ours, nonetheless, they may be surely worth going over.

  135. please stop by the web sites we stick to, such as this a single, because it represents our picks through the web

  136. we came across a cool internet site that you just might delight in. Take a appear in case you want

  137. just beneath, are many entirely not connected web pages to ours, nonetheless, they’re certainly worth going over

  138. although sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not related to ours, we feel they are in fact really worth a go via, so have a look

  139. The data mentioned within the post are some of the top offered.

  140. Just beneath, are several absolutely not associated web pages to ours, nonetheless, they may be certainly worth going over.

  141. here are some hyperlinks to sites that we link to because we feel they’re really worth visiting

  142. that may be the end of this post. Right here you will come across some web pages that we assume you will appreciate, just click the links over

  143. below you will uncover the link to some internet sites that we think you should visit

  144. we came across a cool internet site that you simply may well enjoy. Take a appear in the event you want

  145. Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine some unrelated data, nevertheless truly really worth taking a look, whoa did one particular study about Mid East has got additional problerms as well.

  146. Every after in a while we select blogs that we read. Listed below would be the latest internet sites that we decide on

  147. the time to read or stop by the material or websites we have linked to below the

  148. please stop by the web-sites we stick to, including this one particular, as it represents our picks from the web

  149. One of our visitors a short while ago suggested the following website.

  150. 567842310 aqueles que brincam de lol, comento sobre um website de elo job lol conhecido como elo job high 897935487

  151. 339498402 todos que curtem o lol, indico sobre um site de eloboost conhecido como elo high 811478154

  152. 356893 110344Hey man, .This was an outstanding page for such a hard subject to speak about. I look forward to reading many a lot more great posts like these. Thanks 961018

  153. 114734 350688thaibaccarat dot com could be the greatest internet site to study casino games : like baccarat, poker, blackjack and roulette casino 800541

  154. 937040 144369I truly appreciate this post. Ive been looking all more than for this! Thank goodness I discovered it on Bing. Youve produced my day! Thank you again.. 316163

  155. 744930 725454Id need to verify with you here. Which isnt something I often do! I enjoy studying a publish that can make men and women think. Also, thanks for permitting me to remark! 179961

  156. 320019 674956Nice post. I learn something more challenging on different blogs everyday. It will always be stimulating to read content from other writers and practice a little something from their store. Id prefer to use some with the content material on my weblog whether you dont mind. Natually Ill give you a link on your web blog. Thanks for sharing. 252233

  157. 940479 705602Dead composed subject matter, thanks for information . 353978

  158. 907147 939432 You made some decent points there. I looked on the internet for the concern and found most individuals will go along with with your site. 656777

  159. 351966 451353You produced some decent points there. I looked online towards the problem and discovered many people is going in addition to utilizing your web site. 918317

  160. 367873 38980This really is a right blog for would like to locate out about this subject. You realize a whole lot its almost challenging to argue along (not that I personally would wantHaHa). You actually put the latest spin with a topic thats been discussed for a long time. Fantastic stuff, just wonderful! 372540

  161. 54889 615928I love the look of your internet site. I lately built mine and I was searching for some ideas for my internet site and you gave me a couple of. Could I ask you whether you developed the site by youself? 307569

  162. 925723 596188Superb read, I just passed this onto a friend who was performing some research on that. And he in fact bought me lunch since I located it for him smile So let me rephrase that: Thank you for lunch! 827752

  163. 220028 874961Hi there. Extremely cool internet site!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Wonderful .. I will bookmark your web site and take the feeds additionallyI am glad to locate so much valuable info right here within the article. Thanks for sharing 624005

  164. 995066 978087I like the valuable info you offer in your articles. Ill bookmark your blog and check again here regularly. Im quite certain I will learn a lot of new stuff right here! Very good luck for the next! 251259

  165. 548874 304166Generally I do not read post on blogs, nevertheless I wish to say that this write-up very forced me to take a look at and do so! Your writing taste has been amazed me. Thanks, extremely great post. 556385

  166. 409155 364154Hi. Thank you for generating this internet site . I m working on betting online niche and have identified this site utilizing search on bing . Will probably be sure to appear a lot more of your content material . Gracias , see ya. :S 843182

  167. 175385 524177Hmm is anyone else having difficulties with the images on this weblog loading? Im trying to figure out if its a problem on my finish or if its the weblog. Any responses would be greatly appreciated. 180434

  168. 300776 520842Spot ill carry on with this write-up, I truly feel this site requirements an excellent deal a lot more consideration. Ill oftimes be once more to see far more, many thanks that information. 746948

  169. 461988 798168Terrific paintings! That may be the type of details that are meant to be shared around the net. Shame on the seek for no longer positioning this publish higher! Come on over and consult with my website . Thank you =) 381501

  170. 619630 757696Hi. Cool post. There can be a issue with the internet internet site in firefox, and you might want to test this The browser will be the marketplace leader and a huge portion of folks will miss your exceptional writing due to this dilemma. 833530

  171. 963766 125506I like this weblog quite much, Its a rattling good billet to read and uncover info . 497180

  172. 273887 564962But a smiling visitant here to share the adore (:, btw great style and style . 830823

  173. 916427 486229I believe one of your ads triggered my internet browser to resize, you may want to put that on your blacklist. 233038

  174. 886498 88566I just added this weblog to my rss reader, exceptional stuff. I like your writing style. 790949

  175. I always appreciate your organizing posts. Up to this point, I will read and kind of save the thought for later,.

  176. 603452 268788You produced some decent points there. I looked on the internet for that concern and located most individuals will go together with with the internet site. 542490

  177. Where does Pokayoke comes in the 10 key factors in lean manufacturing?

  178. Very useful article

  179. This article brings out the scope of lean principles in Industry 4.0 in a very simple language with practical examples.

Submit a Comment

Image is not available
Image is not available
Image is not available
Slider
Image is not available
Image is not available
Image is not available
Image is not available
Image is not available
Image is not available
FOLLOW US
Slider
Copyright Asian Productivity Organization | Sitemap | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Intranet | FAQs

Development: B&M Nxt