With international trade in food booming, consumers are increasingly concerned about food safety, how food is produced, and how it is handled within the supply chain. Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) could be the panacea for producers seeking to address consumer concerns in domestic and foreign markets. GAP establishes a framework for safe, high-quality food produced in environmentally responsible and socially acceptable ways. However, GAP as implemented in many developing countries suffers from regulations, guidelines, and definitions that vary from country to country. The GLOBALGAP standard is an international benchmark that harmonizes concepts, definitions, and guidelines. It integrates rules on agricultural production into a single farm audit. It also serves as a global reference system for other existing standards and can also be easily and directly applied by all parties in the primary food sector. GLOBALGAP is a single integrated standard with modular applications for different product groups, ranging from plant and livestock production to plant propagation materials and compound feed manufacturing.
The GLOBALGAP standard was developed by GLOBALGAP, a private-sector body that sets voluntary standards for the certification of agricultural products around the globe. The GLOBALGAP head office is located in Cologne, Germany.
Good agricultural practices (GAP) refers to the package of recommendations and available knowledge to address environmental, economic, and social sustainability for on-farm production and postproduction processes resulting in safe, healthy food and nonfood agricultural products. The adoption of GAP will ensure a clean, safe working environment for employees while eliminating the potential contamination of food products. GAP may consist of guidelines addressing the issues of site selection, adjacent land use, fertilizer use, water sourcing and use, pest control and pesticide monitoring, harvesting practices (including worker hygiene, packaging, storage, field sanitation, and product transportation), and cooler operations.
Green Productivity (GP) is a concept that evolved to address the growing concern of consumers and stakeholders of business communities. Alarmed by ever-increasing negative impacts of development activities on the environment, society has started demanding environment-friendly goods, processes, and services. To address that demand, the APO developed the concept of GP as a strategy for enhancing productivity while improving environmental performance. It is the application of appropriate productivity and environmental management tools, techniques, and technologies to reduce the environmental impact of organization’s activities, goods, and services. GP aims to ensure environmental protection while making business profitable. GP recognizes that the environment and development are two sides of the same coin. For any development strategy to be sustainable, it needs to have a focus on quality, profitability, and the environment, referred to as the triple focus of GP.
GP methodology methodology consists of six major steps, broken down into 13 tasks. These tasks are accomplished using GP tools such as checklists, material balance, Pareto charts, etc. in combination with GP techniques such as 5S, the 3Rs, etc.
See also: Green Productivity (GP) methodology
Green Productivity (GP) methodology consists of six major steps (success in six). Each step can be completed by following specified tasks, of which there are 13:
Step 1: Getting started
Task 1: Team formation Task 2: Walk-through survey and information collection
Step 2: Planning
Task 3: Identification of problems Task 4: Setting objectives and targets
Step 3: Generation, evaluation, and prioritization of GP options Task 5: Generation of GP options Task 6: Screening, evaluation, and prioritization of GP options
Step 4: Implementation of GP options
Task 7: Formulation of GP implementation and plan Task 8: Implementation of selected options Task 9: Training, awareness building, and developing competence
Step 5: Monitoring and review
Task 10: Monitoring and evaluation of results Task 11: Management review
Step 6: Sustaining GP Task 12: Incorporating changes into organizational system of management Task 13: Identifying new/additional problem areas for continuous improvement
The methodology can be applied both in profit-making as well as nonprofit organizations. It has been found useful in community development projects as well.
Green purchasing is the establishment of policies within an organization to ensure that purchasing decisions include environmental factors as one of the deciding criteria. Green purchasing makes use of environment-related information on the products and services that an organization wishes to acquire. Life cycle assessment information is particularly helpful in establishing green purchasing practices.